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De La Genealogie Des Langues a La Genetique Du Langage

De La Genealogie Des Langues A La Genetique Du Langage: Une Documentation Interdisciplinaire Raisonnee


English summary: Since the end of the 18th century, philologists and then linguists, particularly German linguists throughout the 19th century, have studied the genealogy of all the languages of the Indo-European and Semitic families. At the same time, the "naturalistic" orientation of linguistics propagated by August Schleicher was rejected by most of his peers, notably Breal and Saussure. Since the 1950s, genealogical linguists have tested family and superfamily grouping methods applicable to languages without written tradition with lexicostatistics, glottochronology, multilateral comparison and their recent developments within applied informatics. As for the genetic exploration of language, it disappeared from the agenda of linguists for an entire century before being renewed from 1990 onwards. The central objective of this work is to search for the "missing link" between the genealogy of languages and the genetics of language as a universal faculty of the human species. The version of grammaticalization theory developed by the German africanist and typologist Bernd Heine can provide a connection between the two approaches, since it aims to identify a catalogue of lexicalized cognitive universals in all languages and which are at the source of grammatical words and derivational and flexional morphemes that allow us to imagine the genesis of general grammar and particular grammars. Aimed at linguists, the book extensively documents the work of researchers in other disciplines (evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists, prehistoric archaeologists, epistemologists) who wish to provide "indirect evidence" of the emergence of a lexical protolanguage, then of a grammaticalized language. In contact with these researchers, a new discipline has emerged, "evolutionary linguistics," which seeks to assess the plausibility of this indirect evidence. French description: Depuis la fin du 18e siecle, les philologues, puis les linguistes, notamment allemands tout au long du 19e siecle, ont parcouru la genealogie de toutes les langues des familles indo-europeenne et semitique. Dans le meme temps, l'orientation naturaliste de la linguistique propagee par August Schleicher a ete rejetee par la plupart de ses pairs, notamment Breal et Saussure. A partir des annees 1950 les linguistes genealogistes ont teste des methodes de regroupement par familles et superfamilles applicables aux langues sans tradition ecrite avec la lexicostatistique, la glottochronologie, la comparaison multilaterale et leurs developpements informatiques recents. Quant a l'exploration genetique du langage, elle a disparu de l'agenda des linguistes pendant un siecle entier avant de se renouveler a partir de 1990. L'objectif central de cet ouvrage est de chercher le lien manquant entre la genealogie des langues et la genetique du langage comme faculte universelle de l'espece humaine. La version de la theorie de la grammaticalisation developpee par l'africaniste et typologue allemand Bernd Heine peut fournir une connexion entre les deux approches, car elle vise a degager un catalogue d'universaux cognitifs lexicalises dans toutes les langues et qui sont a la source de mots grammaticaux et de morphemes derivationnels et flexionnels qui permettent de s'imaginer la genese de la grammaire generale et des grammaires particulieres. S'adressant aux linguistes, l'ouvrage documente abondamment les travaux de chercheurs d'autres disciplines (psychologues et anthropologues evolutionnistes, archeologues prehistoriens, epistemologues) desireux de fournir des preuves indirectes de l'emergence d'un protolangage lexical, puis d'un langage grammaticalise. Au contact de ces chercheurs, une nouvelle discipline est apparue, la linguistique evolutionnaire, qui cherche a evaluer la plausibilite de ces preuves indirectes.



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  • Format: Paperback
  • Sold by: --
  • Language: French
  • Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
  • ISBN-13: 9789042936607
  • ISBN: 9042936606
  • Publication Year: 2018
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HPB condition ratings
  • New: Item is brand new, unused and unmarked, in flawless condition.
  • Fine/Like New (F): No defects, little usage. May show remainder marks. Older books may show minor flaws.
  • Very Good (VG): Shows some signs of wear and is no longer fresh. Attractive. Used textbooks do not come with supplemental materials.
  • Good (G): Average used book with all pages present. Possible loose bindings, highlighting, cocked spine or torn dust jackets. Used textbooks do not come with supplemental materials.
  • Fair (FR): Obviously well-worn, but no text pages missing. May be without endpapers or title page. Markings do not interfere with readability. Used textbooks do not come with supplemental materials.
  • Poor (P): All text is legible but may be soiled and have binding defects. Reading copies and binding copies fall into this category. Used textbooks do not come with supplemental materials.
Conditions Guide
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